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 Hans Bol - Maius - 1580 Hans Bol - Maius - 1580
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  •  Hans Bol - Maius - 1580
  •  Hans Bol - Maius - 1580
  •  Hans Bol - Maius - 1580

Hans Bol - Maius - 1580

Item Code: bolm5




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H.Bol - Maius - 1580

Details

THE TWELVE MONTHS - MAIUS
 
Canal scene with figures bowling at centre, a picnic in lower left corner with standing female playing the lute, trees on either side, several buildings in background; zodiac sign of Gemini in a small roundel at top
 
This is one from a series of circular prints after The Twelve Months by Hans Bol. The series was first published by Hans van Luyck in Amsterdam around 1580. Only the first plate was signed. This is an impression still from the early publication when the prints were two by two on one plate, but without (probably after) the address of Hans van Luck. This is before the series has bee republished by Claes Jansz Visschers from the separated plates, with the number one to twelve in the right bottom corner.
 
The preparatory drawinGs for this series are in Rotterdam (Boijmans Van Beuningen)
 
New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 1330 (The Collaert Dynasty)
Hollstein 66-77 (after Hans Bol)
 
  
 
 
 

Additional Information

SKU bolm5
Picture Size 14 cm x 15 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Adriaen Collaert
period 16th Century
School Flemish
subject Landscape
rating ****

Adrian Collaert (1560-1618)

Painter and draughtsman. Pupil of Pieter de Vos, follower of Frans Floris in Antwerp and presumably of Jacopo Tintoretto in Venice. 1550-1558 in Italy; visited Rome, Venice and possibly Florence. In 1558 master in the Antwerp Guild of St Luke. In 1571 and 1572 dean of the Guild of St Luke. From 1575 mainly print designs. Documented as a Lutheran in 1584, adapting to the prevailing Catholicism in 1585. On the Summer of 1589 a short stay in Ghent. Apart from his sons Daniel (1568-1605) and Maarten the Younger (1576-1613), eleven pupils were registered with the Guild of whom only Wenzel Coeberger (1573) is well known.

Inventor

Hans Bol ( 1534 - 1593)

hans bolFlemish printmaker, painter and etcher. Born in Mechelen, moved to Antwerp in 1572 and to the Nothern Netherlands in 1584 after religious persecutions. He died in Amsterdam. Renowned for his miniatures, Hans Bol learned his trade from two uncles, who were also painters. At age fourteen he was apprenticed to a painter of Waterschilderen , Waterschilderen, a specialty of artists in Mechelen, were used as wall decorations instead of expensive tapestries. According to Karel Van Mander, Bol's large watercolors were widely copied. He thus turned to making miniatures in bodycolor on parchment, which he promoted as independent cabinet paintings; these earned him a good income and an international clientele.

Despite the war with Spain and periods of religious unrest that caused frequent upheavals in his life, Bol remained one of the Netherlands' most prolific and successful landscapists. He painted some oil paintings, illuminated a breviary for a French duke, and made many drawings that were the basis for engravings.

His pupils included Joris Hoefnagel., Frans Boel and Jacob Savery.

Bol's works combined artifice and naturalism in formats ranging from extensive panoramas to intimate views of the Flemish countryside, usually including small figures enacting a biblical or mythological scene, an allegory, or a genre scene.

 

PUBLISHER

Hieronymus Cock (1510 - 1570)

hieronymus CockBorn in Antwerp about 1520, Cock was painter, printmaker and art dealer as well as a print publisher. Son of Jan Wellens de Cock, brother of Matthijs. 1545 in St Luke Guild in Antwerp. He visited Rome in the late 1540s, which provided the impetus to start up his own publishing firm in Antwerp in 1548, 'Aux Quatre Vents'. He made a few of the plates himself, but most were commissioned from designers and engravers, orchestrated by Cock. It was to become the most important print publishing firm from outside Italy before his death in 1570. The firm was continued by his widow (Volcxken Diercx) until her death in 1600 (the inventory of her estate survives with a list of her plates). Many of the plates were later taken over by Philips Galle, a family friend and her executor.

Together with his wife Volcxken Diericx he was one of the first in Northern Europe to establish a publishing company for prints. From 1548 onwards their Aux Quatre Vents (At the Sign of the Four Winds) print-publishing house issued hundreds of important etchings and engravings. Prints after frescoes and paintings by Raphael and Bronzino, the first series of classical ruins and antique sculpture, as well as designs by Northern artists such as Maarten van Heemskerck, Frans Floris and Hans Vredeman de Vries were disseminated in large numbers all over Europe, helping to spread Renaissance ideals of beauty. It was Cock who had an eye for the talent of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, who was to supply him with over sixty designs for prints. Cock also took the initiative to produce engravings of some of Hieronymus Bosch's monumental imaginative compositions.

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