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THREE CARDINAL VIRTUES - GOLTZIUS / SAENREDAM

Item Code: xxab214




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THREE CARDINAL VIRTUES - GOLTZIUS / SAENREDAM
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THREE CARDINAL VIRTUES
 
Date: 1601
A complete series of three
 
Inventor: Hendrick Goltzius
Print made by: Jan Saenredam Published by: Claes Jansz. Visscher
 
Reference:
Hollstein 366-367-368 (after Goltzius)
Hollstein 41-42-43.II (Saenredam) New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 512-513-514.II (Hendrick Goltzius; Prints after inventions by Goltzius)
Bartsch III.246.81 Second state with publisher's address
 
Plate 1: Faith. The female personification seated whole-length, holding a cross and chalice with two putti holding a wreath over her head; Signed, dated and numbered in lower centre of impression: "HGoltzius Inue. I Sanredam sculpt. Ao 1601. CIVisscher excu." and "1". Lettered in lower margin: "Non me durarum ... casus." and "C. Schonæus". Lettered on the cross in the design with the privilege "Cum privil. Sa. Cæ. M.".
Plate 2: Hope, seated whole-length, sitting on a large anchor and with two putti holding a wreath over her head;paper
Lettered in lower left corner "HGoltzius Invent. / I Sanredam sculpt." In the margin "Confirmo ... arctis.".
Plate 3: Charity. The female personification seated whole-length, with three children (one suckling her breast) and overhead two putti holding a wreath; Lettered in lower centre of impression: "HGoltzius Inuent. I Sanredam sculpt.". Lettered in lower margin: "In toto nihil est ... pectora amore.".

Additional Information

SKU xxab214
Picture Size 30,50 by 21 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Jan Saenredam
period 17th century
School Dutch
subject Religious
rating ***

Jan Saenenredam (1565-1607) - Dutch School

Engraver born in Zaandam, c. 1565. Orphaned in childhood, he was raised by an uncle, Pieter de Jongh, a bailiff in Assendelft. Though brought up for a life of farm labour and handiwork, he turned to drawing and in time attained some success as a mapmaker. With the help of a local lawyer, he entered the circle of Hendrick Goltzius relatively late in life, in 1589, and worked for short periods with both Goltzius and Jacques de Gheyn II. Saenredam was one of Goltzius' most important masters and worked closely with him, creating a major body of work. According to both de Bie and Schrevelius, there was some rivalry between each of these masters and Saenredam, who quickly absorbed what they had to offer him. About 1595 Saenredam returned to Assendelft, where he married and where his son Pieter, who later became famous for his paintings of the interiors of churches, was born. He died in Assendelft in 1607.

Inventor

Hendrick Goltzius (1558-1647)

Goltzius portraitDutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter. He was the leading Dutch engraver of the early Baroque period, or Northern Mannerism, noted for his sophisticated technique and the "exuberance" of his compositions.  Goltzius was born near Venlo in Bracht or Millebrecht in North Rhine-Westphalia. His family moved to Duisburg when he was 3 years old. After studying painting on glass for some years under his father, he learned engraving from the Dutch polymath Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, who then lived in Cleves. In 1577 he moved with Coornhert to Haarlem. In the same town, he was also employed by Philip Galle to engrave a set of prints of the history of Lucretia. Goltzius had a malformed right hand from a fire when he was a baby which turned out to be especially well-suited to holding the burin; "by being forced to draw with the large muscles of his arm and shoulder, he mastered a commanding swing of line.
At the age of 21 he married a widow somewhat advanced in years, whose money enabled him to establish an independent business at Haarlem ; but his unpleasant relations with her so affected his health that he found it advisable in 1590 to make a tour through Germany to Italy, where he acquired an intense admiration for the works of Michelangelo. He returned to Haarlem in August 1591, considerably improved in health, and worked there until his death. Goltzius brought to an unprecedented level the use of the "swelling line", where the burin is manipulated to make lines thicker or thinner to create a tonal effect from a distance. He also was a pioneer of "dot and lozenge" technique, where dots are placed in the middle of lozenge shaped spaces created by cross-hatching to further refine tonal shading. Hollstein credits 388 prints to him, with a further 574 by other printmakers after his designs. In his command of the burin, Goltzius is said to rival Dürer. He made engravings of Bartholomeus Spranger's paintings. Goltzius began painting at the age of forty-two; some of his paintings can be found in Vienna. He also executed a few chiaroscuro woodcuts. He was the stepfather of engraver Jacob Matham. He died, aged 58, in Haarlem.

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