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Tuscan Battles: MontereggioniTuscan Battles: Montereggioni
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  • Tuscan Battles: Montereggioni
  • Tuscan Battles: Montereggioni

Tuscan Battles: Montereggioni

Item Code: xxr329




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BATTLE OF MONTEREGGIONI
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Details

THE BATTLES IN TUSCANY BY GIOVANNI DE MEDICI - 1583
 
From a series of 8 plates on the military deeds of Giovanni de' Medici; 1583
 
Designed by Stradanus (New Hollstein 361-368).
Made and published by Philips Galle (New Hollstein 492-499).
 
This coherent group of 8 numbered plates (1-8) with the battles in Tuscany was published together with 8 plates showing the battles in other parts of Italy (also numbered 1-8) and 4 plates about Cosimo de Medici entry in Rome.
 
This series of 8 plates situated in Tuscany were clearly born seperatly from the others as seen by the subjects but espacially the technique.
The Tuscany group is throughout signed with 'Philips Galle fecit' on 7 of the 8 plates, while the others have 'Philips Galle excudit' and are for the larger part not engraved by Philips Galle (but by Goltzius)
 
The group of 21 (8+8+4+T) was published with the series title:
Mediceae Familiae Rerum Feliciter Gestarum Victoriae et Triumphi / Mediceae
Familiae Rerum Feliciter Gestarum Victoriae et Triumphi
 
Here shown is:
(2) The battle at Mons Regionis; to left, farmers, seen from behind, walking
with carriages, driven by oxen and donkeys, laden with fruit baskets; to
right, troops laying siege to Montereggioni, its walls seen in the
background, at centre
New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 362.II (Johannes Stradanus)
New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 493.II (Philips Galle)
Baroni Vannucci 691.2

Additional Information

SKU xxr329
Picture Size 22 x 29,50 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Phillips Galle
period 16th Century
School Flemish
subject Battle Scenes
rating ***

PHILIPS GALLE (1537 - 1612)

Galle PhillipsBorn in Haarlem, died in Antwerp. Flemish engraver, print dealer, publisher, writer and historian.

He was one of the most important and influential printmakers during the second half of the sixteenth century, with a list of over 2,500 prints published between 1563 and 1606. His massive output encompassed portraits, religious and allegorical subjects.

Trained by the Haaarlem humanist Dirck Volckertsz. Coornhert, Ph. Galle began his career working in the studio of the engraver/publisher Hieronymus Cock who published Galle’s first prints in 1557 and for whom he worked for many years. During that time, he established a leading reputation for a series of works after Heemskerck.

In 1563, he began his own print publishing business in Haarlem, moving the business to larger premises in Antwerp in 1570, where he modelled his studio on those of Cock and of Christoph Plantin.

Besides engraving his own compositions, Ph. Galle worked with print designers such as Anthonie Blocklandt, Hans Bol, Marten De Vos and Johannes Stradanus. He employed many engravers to assist him, notably The Wierix Brothers, Adriaen and Johannes Collaert, Crispijn De Passe, Johannes Sadeler and Gerard Van Groeningen. Later, he employed his sons Theodoor (who effectively ran the family business from 1600) and Cornelis.

Inventor

Stradanus, Johannes (1523-1605)

stradanusLatin name for Jan van der Straet. Born 1523 in Bruge, Belgium, Stradanus, actually Jan van der Straet, received this first raining as an artist from his father. He moved to Antwerp in 1537 and began to show as a young man his talent for becoming one of the great artists in his time.

His path to Florence, then one of the hot spots of artist life, lead Stradanus via Lyon were he briefly stayed. and a six months stint in Venice. Right away he was hired by Cosimo I de Medici to design tapistry for the court. From 1550 to approximately 1553 Stradanus where he executed works for the Vatican and worked with Francesco Salviati whose style influenced him greatly. Back in Florence Stradanus worked with Giorgio Vasari. He designed frescoes and Tapistry for the Palazzo Vecchio, work that he continued into the 1570s. In 1567 he began designing tapistry for Cosimo's villa at Poggio a Caiano near Florence. The subject matter was "Hunting". Stradanus continued this work on copper plates. The prints were successfully published.

Stradanus lived partially in Antwerp and in Naples during the late 1570s, but eventually returned to Florence where he died in 1605.

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