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Sepulcrum trium Horatiorum

Item Code: xxd22

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Sepulcrum Horatii- 1587
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Ruinarum varii prospectus, ruriumque aliquot delineationes - 1587
Sepulcrum trium Horatiorum
(Memorial of the Horatius brothers)

Hendrick van Cleve or Cliven III, son and pupil of William van Cleve,
moved to Italy in the second half of the XVI century; besides a painting depicting a view of Rome (1550), he realized a considerable amount of drawing which he afterwards used as preparatory for the engravings he realized in Antwerp and published by Philip Galle in 1587.

The views, whose main subject is Rome but there are also other European cities, bear the inscription “Henri. Cliven. inven." or "Henri Cliven pingebat" on lower part, which testify their origin, but not necessarily the fact that he realized them.
Here a view on the legendary grave of the brothers Horatii.
Goof impression trimmed on the image borderline.

Additional Information

SKU xxd22
Picture Size 17 x 24 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Phillips Galle
period 16th Century
School Flemish
subject Landscape
rating *****

PHILIPS GALLE (1537 - 1612)

Galle PhillipsBorn in Haarlem, died in Antwerp. Flemish engraver, print dealer, publisher, writer and historian.

He was one of the most important and influential printmakers during the second half of the sixteenth century, with a list of over 2,500 prints published between 1563 and 1606. His massive output encompassed portraits, religious and allegorical subjects.

Trained by the Haaarlem humanist Dirck Volckertsz. Coornhert, Ph. Galle began his career working in the studio of the engraver/publisher Hieronymus Cock who published Galle’s first prints in 1557 and for whom he worked for many years. During that time, he established a leading reputation for a series of works after Heemskerck.

In 1563, he began his own print publishing business in Haarlem, moving the business to larger premises in Antwerp in 1570, where he modelled his studio on those of Cock and of Christoph Plantin.

Besides engraving his own compositions, Ph. Galle worked with print designers such as Anthonie Blocklandt, Hans Bol, Marten De Vos and Johannes Stradanus. He employed many engravers to assist him, notably The Wierix Brothers, Adriaen and Johannes Collaert, Crispijn De Passe, Johannes Sadeler and Gerard Van Groeningen. Later, he employed his sons Theodoor (who effectively ran the family business from 1600) and Cornelis.


Hendrick van Cleve III (1525-1595)

Hendrick van CleveFlemish painter and engraver

Hendrick III went to Italy when young, and returned to his native country a good painter of landscapes. His pictures are distinguished by an uncommon lightness of touch, and an excellent tone of colour. The backgrounds of the historical works of his brother Marten and of Frans Floris are frequently painted by this artist, and are harmonized with the figures with great intelligence. He was received into the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp in 1551.

Hendrick van Cleve distinguished himself as an engraver. Several of his plates survive of landscapes and views near Rome, after his own designs or those of Melchior Lorch which he sometimes signed Henricus Clivensis, fecit, and sometimes marked with a cipher.

A series of thirty-eight plates by this artist, entitled Ruinarum varii prospectus, ruriumque aliquot delineationes, published by Galle He died at Antwerp between 1590 and 1595.

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