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  • Giovanni de Medici - Capture of Milan

Giovanni de Medici - Capture of Milan

Item Code: xxr322

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Goltzius - Capture of Milan
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The Capture of Milan; in the foreground, a carriage and a horse, seen from behind, two men emerging from a tent; at centre, troops seen marching from all sides with lances, banners and some playing drums; behind, a panoramic view of Milan, with the city walls; 1583 
One of the prints from a subgroup of 8 plates showing the battles outside Tuscany (Rome, Parma, Milan, on the Adda, ...)
5 if the prints are done by Hendrick Goltzius, the other 3 given in Hollstein to Philips Galle (his name on plate 1 as 'sculpsit) although some of the plates, like this one are very near to the Goltzius technique. 
For the total series of 20 + title. Consisting besides the subgroup numbered 1 to 8 with battles outside Tuscany, of another subgroup with 8 numbered plates showing battles in Tuscany and signed by Philips Galle as engraver, and 4 plates about Cosimo de Medici's entry in Rome.

The group of 21 (8+8+4+T) was published with the series title:
Mediceae Familiae Rerum Feliciter Gestarum Victoriae et Triumphi
With wide margins on a sheet of laid paper measuring 29 by 37 cm.
Watermarked twice (mark and contra mark)
Early state published by Philips Galle. 
Inventor: Johannes Stradanus ( New Hollstein 355 )
Engraver and Publisher: Philips Galle ( New Hollstein 490 )
Reference: Baroni Vannucci 691.12

Additional Information

SKU xxr322
Picture Size 22 x 29,50 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Phillips Galle
period 16th Century
School Flemish
subject Battle Scenes
rating ***

PHILIPS GALLE (1537 - 1612)

Galle PhillipsBorn in Haarlem, died in Antwerp. Flemish engraver, print dealer, publisher, writer and historian.

He was one of the most important and influential printmakers during the second half of the sixteenth century, with a list of over 2,500 prints published between 1563 and 1606. His massive output encompassed portraits, religious and allegorical subjects.

Trained by the Haaarlem humanist Dirck Volckertsz. Coornhert, Ph. Galle began his career working in the studio of the engraver/publisher Hieronymus Cock who published Galle’s first prints in 1557 and for whom he worked for many years. During that time, he established a leading reputation for a series of works after Heemskerck.

In 1563, he began his own print publishing business in Haarlem, moving the business to larger premises in Antwerp in 1570, where he modelled his studio on those of Cock and of Christoph Plantin.

Besides engraving his own compositions, Ph. Galle worked with print designers such as Anthonie Blocklandt, Hans Bol, Marten De Vos and Johannes Stradanus. He employed many engravers to assist him, notably The Wierix Brothers, Adriaen and Johannes Collaert, Crispijn De Passe, Johannes Sadeler and Gerard Van Groeningen. Later, he employed his sons Theodoor (who effectively ran the family business from 1600) and Cornelis.


Stradanus, Johannes (1523-1605)

stradanusLatin name for Jan van der Straet. Born 1523 in Bruge, Belgium, Stradanus, actually Jan van der Straet, received this first raining as an artist from his father. He moved to Antwerp in 1537 and began to show as a young man his talent for becoming one of the great artists in his time.

His path to Florence, then one of the hot spots of artist life, lead Stradanus via Lyon were he briefly stayed. and a six months stint in Venice. Right away he was hired by Cosimo I de Medici to design tapistry for the court. From 1550 to approximately 1553 Stradanus where he executed works for the Vatican and worked with Francesco Salviati whose style influenced him greatly. Back in Florence Stradanus worked with Giorgio Vasari. He designed frescoes and Tapistry for the Palazzo Vecchio, work that he continued into the 1570s. In 1567 he began designing tapistry for Cosimo's villa at Poggio a Caiano near Florence. The subject matter was "Hunting". Stradanus continued this work on copper plates. The prints were successfully published.

Stradanus lived partially in Antwerp and in Naples during the late 1570s, but eventually returned to Florence where he died in 1605.

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