De Gheyn - Excercise of Arms - Pike

Item Code: xxaar3621

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Jacob de Gheyn II - Pike
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A coloured etching from the famous series of prints by Jacques De Gheyn published in 1607.It and depicts the uniforms, weaponry and the training methods used by the army of the day in the 17th century Netherlands.

Jacob de Gheyn's 'Exercise of Armes' was an immense success when first published in 1607. It is a fascinating seventeenth-century military manual, designed to instruct contemporary soldiers how to handle arms effectively, and correctly, and it makes for a unique glimpse into warfare as waged in the Thirty Years War and the English Civil War. The manual uses illustrations to clearly demonstrate drills for soldiers employing calivers and muskets. It shows how to load and fire, or merely carry, a matchlock piece. In addition detailed illustrations show the various movements and postures to be adopted during use of the pike. A fine examples of seventeenth-century art.

This etching is still in the originale folio sheet measuring 38 by 27 cm. Nice laid paper with elaborate watermark from the period. General very good condition with a small closed wormhole in the top left quadrant. Good impression, nice plate tone, ready for framing.

Additional Information

SKU xxaar3621
Picture Size 26 x 18,70 cm
Specification Print
technic Engraving
Artist Jacob de Gheyn II
period 17th century
School Dutch
subject Battle Scenes
rating ****

Jacob de Gheyn II (1565 -1629)

Jacon De Ghey IIDutch painter and engraver, whose work shows the transition from Northern Mannerism to Dutch realism over the course of his career.(also Jacques de Gheyn II) De Gheyn was born in Antwerp and received his first training from his father, Jacob de Gheyn I, a glass painter, engraver, and draftsman.In 1585, he moved to Haarlem, where he studied under Hendrik Goltzius for the next five years. He moved again, to Leiden, in the middle of the 1590s.

 His work attracted the attention of wealthy sponsors, and his first commission was for an engraving of the Siege of Geertruidenberg from Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange. This event from March 27 to June 24, 1593, had been more of a demonstration of power by Prince Maurits, than an actual war, and had even attracted tourists. As a publicity stunt, the siege and its subsequent engraving were successful in propagating an image of Prince Maurits as an able general.

Around 1600, de Gheyn abandoned engraving, and focused on painting and etching. Moving to The Hague in 1605, he was employed often by Dutch royalty, designing a garden in the Buitenhof for Prince Maurice of Orange which featured the two first grottoes in the Netherlands. After Prince Maurice's death in 1625, de Gheyn worked for his brother, Prince Frederick Henry. De Gheyn painted some of the earliest female nudes, vanitas, and floral still lifes in Dutch art. He is credited with creating over 1,500 drawings, including landscapes and natural history illustrations.

He produced 117 engravings for the military manual The Exercise of Armes while living in Amsterdam. De Gheyn married Eva Stalpaert van der Wiele of Mechelen in 1595.
His son, Jacob de Gheyn III, was born in 1596, and grew to become an engraver in his own right, as well as the subject of a portrait by Rembrandt. De Gheyn died in The Hague.

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