Hans Bol - THE VILLAGE FEAST -1562 Hans Bol - THE VILLAGE FEAST -1562
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  •  Hans Bol - THE VILLAGE FEAST -1562
  •  Hans Bol - THE VILLAGE FEAST -1562

Hans Bol - THE VILLAGE FEAST -1562

Item Code: XXD225

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This is one of a series of twelve plates showing village scenes after Hans Bol by Johannes and Lucas Van Doetecum (New Hollstein 221-232),
published by Hieronymus Cock in 1562 (dated on first plate of the series).
Reference: New Hollstein 221.1
Landscape with a peasant feast with people eating and drinking in foreground, a road and a well in lower left corner, trees and village-houses in middle ground, a city in background at left; first state before number; after Hans Bol. 1562 Etching and engraving
Lettered in lower corners: "HBOL" and "H. Cock excu."
The print has a skillful repair of the bottom right corner.

Additional Information

Picture Size 22,50 cm x 32 cm
Specification Print
technic Etching
Artist Johannes and Lucas Doetecum
period 16th Century
School Flemish
subject Landscape
rating ***


Hans Bol ( 1534 - 1593)

hans bolFlemish printmaker, painter and etcher. Born in Mechelen, moved to Antwerp in 1572 and to the Nothern Netherlands in 1584 after religious persecutions. He died in Amsterdam. Renowned for his miniatures, Hans Bol learned his trade from two uncles, who were also painters. At age fourteen he was apprenticed to a painter of Waterschilderen , Waterschilderen, a specialty of artists in Mechelen, were used as wall decorations instead of expensive tapestries. According to Karel Van Mander, Bol's large watercolors were widely copied. He thus turned to making miniatures in bodycolor on parchment, which he promoted as independent cabinet paintings; these earned him a good income and an international clientele.

Despite the war with Spain and periods of religious unrest that caused frequent upheavals in his life, Bol remained one of the Netherlands' most prolific and successful landscapists. He painted some oil paintings, illuminated a breviary for a French duke, and made many drawings that were the basis for engravings.

His pupils included Joris Hoefnagel., Frans Boel and Jacob Savery.

Bol's works combined artifice and naturalism in formats ranging from extensive panoramas to intimate views of the Flemish countryside, usually including small figures enacting a biblical or mythological scene, an allegory, or a genre scene.



Hieronymus Cock (1510 - 1570)

hieronymus CockBorn in Antwerp about 1520, Cock was painter, printmaker and art dealer as well as a print publisher. Son of Jan Wellens de Cock, brother of Matthijs. 1545 in St Luke Guild in Antwerp. He visited Rome in the late 1540s, which provided the impetus to start up his own publishing firm in Antwerp in 1548, 'Aux Quatre Vents'. He made a few of the plates himself, but most were commissioned from designers and engravers, orchestrated by Cock. It was to become the most important print publishing firm from outside Italy before his death in 1570. The firm was continued by his widow (Volcxken Diercx) until her death in 1600 (the inventory of her estate survives with a list of her plates). Many of the plates were later taken over by Philips Galle, a family friend and her executor.

Together with his wife Volcxken Diericx he was one of the first in Northern Europe to establish a publishing company for prints. From 1548 onwards their Aux Quatre Vents (At the Sign of the Four Winds) print-publishing house issued hundreds of important etchings and engravings. Prints after frescoes and paintings by Raphael and Bronzino, the first series of classical ruins and antique sculpture, as well as designs by Northern artists such as Maarten van Heemskerck, Frans Floris and Hans Vredeman de Vries were disseminated in large numbers all over Europe, helping to spread Renaissance ideals of beauty. It was Cock who had an eye for the talent of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, who was to supply him with over sixty designs for prints. Cock also took the initiative to produce engravings of some of Hieronymus Bosch's monumental imaginative compositions.

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